- Construction – Bolt bonnet, Outside Screw and Yoke, Rising stem
- Body Material – Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel, Alloy Steel, Duplex Stainless Steel, Special Alloy
- Wedge – API600 Standard Trim and Customized choices with special coating for extra hardness
- Stem – Forged T-head Stem, Fully Guide, precisely processing for smooth operating
- Seat – Integrated, or Renewable Design, hardface optional
- Size Range – DN15-DN300
- End Connection – Flange, BW, SW
- Pressure Rating – Class 150 – Class 1500
- Standard – Design to API600, API602/603, ASME B16.34, Flange Dimension to ASME B16.5, Butt Welding to ASME B16.25, Face to face meets ASME B16.10, Inspection and testing according to API598 API6D
- Temperature Rage – -40°F – 650°F
Why Should You Trust the Kinvalve Premier Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve?
Bolted bonnet gate valve, as you can know from its name, is a type of gate valve that connects the valve cover and valve body with bolts. This bonnet is the topmost part of the gate valve and is a removable cover for the stem and other gate valve components.
The bonnet is bolted to the valve body’s top flange with the help of sealing gasket to create a tight seal with the body. It holds the inner trim together to prevent unwarranted movement when the valve is in service. The bonnet allows you to access the trim for repairing and maintenance.
The Kinvalve bolted bonnet is made of investment stainless steel, carbon steel or any other steel alloy to suit your application needs. These bonnet and body materials make it sturdy enough to withstand the torque requirements of the high-pressure applications that bolted bonnet gate valves are known for.
Kinvalve bolted bonnet gate valve is built in compliance with ASME B16.34 and API 600/602 standard regulations and is suitable for large scale high-pressure pipelines.
Kinvalve has been manufacturing the best quality bolted bonnet gate valves for the last 18 years. Our bolted bonnet gate valves have been the trusted choice of many large-scale pipeline systems worldwide.
Call our Kinvalve office today for personalized details about our bolted bonnet gate valve.
Kinvalve Diverse Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve Design
Bolted valve cover gate valves are one of our most popular product lines. Reliable, practical, and can almost meet the needs of any application.
Kinvalve API 6D designed through conduit gate valves with bolted bonnet excel at toughest service conditions. The floating seats and slab gate coordinate to provide high-performance sealing. You also can take advantage of their DBB design and internal cavity relief capability.
Forged steel bolted bonnet gate valves are in compliance with API 602 standard. You can choose the connection types from flange, butt welding and socket welding. And the welded bonnet and pressure seal bonnet forged steel gate valves are optional for you.
- Casting Steel Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve
Kinvalve Casting steel gate valves are designed in accordance to API 600 or ASME B 6.34 standard. The bolted bonnet structure provides high compatibility for easy maintenance. This commonest bolted bonnet gate valve ensure your cost efficient choice with reliable tightness.
Pay attention to details and reduce leakage paths
A seal device prevents the medium leaking in to the stuffing box when the valve is open. Kinvalve bolted bonnet gate valves always equip a backseat.
The sealing system is very important for internal or external leaking of valves. Typically there are body sealing, stem sealing and seat sealing in a bolted bonnet gate valve.
A design for low emission bolted bonnet gate valve. The packing contains belleville washers to create an instant force for tightness regardless of wear or temp. fluctuation.
A bypass line and bypass valve optional to release the seat load before opening to reduce the friction between disc and seat, extending service life.
Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve Advantages
- Optional Designed in Accordance to API 600/602 for High-Pressure
- Live-loaded Stem Packing Ensuring Leakproof
- Bolted Bonnet Construction Providing Easy Access and Maintenance
- Hard faced seating faces resist erosion
- Fully Guided Wedge Reducing Seats Scuffing
- Robust Body Made in Superior Strength Forged or Casting Materials
- Renewable Threaded Seat Ring on Request
Main Components of Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve
Body – Main pressure-retaining part, and contains the trims like disc, seat etc.
Bonnet – Bolted to the body, containing the stem and packings, providing the way to access the internal components for replacement and maintenance.
Wedge – Upwards or downwards to block or allow the fluid thru the valve, several types including solid, flexible, split, as well as knife design.
Seat – combination with the wedge to create a sealing system ensuring tightness
Stem – Connecting with the wedge by being threaded, guiding the disc to open/close the valve
Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve: The Ultimate FAQ Guide
In today’s guide, I will answer all questions you have been asking about bolted bonnet gate valve.
In fact, you will learn the specifications, parts, working principle, pressure rating, and applications, just to mention a few.
So keep reading to learn more.
Bolted bonnet gate valve is a type of gate valve which offers sealing in larger valves and applications of high pressure.
In a bolted bonnet gate valve, its valve body and bonnet are bolted together with gaskets to creat the sealing tight.
Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve
Types of Bonnet
Some of the differences between bolted bonnet gate valve and Welded Bonnet gate valve include:
- Welded bonnet gate valves tend to be smaller than bolted bonnet gate valves.
- Welded bonnet needs to disassemble from the system of piping to be replaced and maintenance.
While this is not the case with bolted bonnet gate valves as they do not require removal from the piping system.
- Bolted bonnet gate valves are mostly used in steam piping systems. Welded bonnet gate valves, on the other hand, are mostly used in toxic or lethal service.
Some of the different types of bonnets include:
- Screw-in bonnets: they are mostly available in small sizes and ensure that the seal does not leak.
- Union bonnets: they are secured in place using a union nut that sits on the bonnet’s lower edge. These nuts screw it into the
- Pressure seal bonnets: they are good for applications of high pressure as they use internal pressure to form a great seal. Pressure seal bonnets possess a cup that is facing downwards put into the valve body which is forced outward with an increase in pressure.
- Bolted bonnets: they ensure sufficient sealing in high-pressure applications.
Gate Valves with Different Bonnets
Some of the features of bolted bonnet gate valve include:
- They are suitable for high-pressure applications.
- Size ranges of NPS 1/2 inch to 60 inches
- Temperature rate of 600 degrees Celsius.
- Seats are either metallic or satellite.
- Gaskets are spiral wounds, graphite, and the other special materials.
- Pressure rating in ASME classes 150-1500
- Contains a bolted bonnet joint that has stronger leakproof that makes sure it is tight with higher torque of bolting.
- Non-rotating stem or rising stem.
- End connections include BW, RF, FF, RTJ, SW, and CLAMPS.
- Hard-faced seating faces can resist erosion.
- Designed to ASME B16.34, API 600, API 6D, API602 and API 603.
- The body of bolted bonnet gate valve is made from forgings of superior strength and optional cast steel.
- Optional live loading of packing and leak off.
- Available in different types of wedge designs, including solid wedge, flex wedge and split wedge.
- Bypass line for option
- Renewable Threaded Seat Ring on Request
Bolted bonnet gate valves can either be full port or reduced port valves.
Full port valves give little resistance to flow and make it easy for the handwheel or actuator to turn fully when opening and closing.
However, in reduced port valves, it may be challenging to regulate the flow or pressure well. This is because the construction of the gate valve needs a lot of turns of the actuator or handwheel to open or close fully.
Some of the main parts of bolted bonnet gate valve include:
- Body: it ensures that the bolted bonnet gate valve possesses resistance to flow and optimum performance and strength.
- Yoke and bonnet: the assemblies of the bonnet are built using the same standards as the body on the bonnet. Gate valves of a larger size make use of multi-piece designs of the bonnet.
- Gland: it compresses the packing to form a stem seal above the backseat between the stem and bonnet.
- Stem: it has an integral back seat shoulder that links to the integral backseat of the bonnet.
- Wedge: it ensures that the bolted bonnet gate valve can shut off and cycle with ease.
- Handwheel: it cycles the nuts of the bonnet gate valve.
- Bonnet: it offers protection to the internal parts of a bolted bonnet gate valve. It can either be bolted or screwed to the valve body.
A bolted bonnet gate valve works by blocking the path of flow of fluid through the insertion of a rectangular wedge or gate.
They are operated by the use of a threaded stem that links the actuator or handwheel to the gate’s stem.
When the bolted bonnet bate valve is fully open, it does not have to obstruct the path of fluid flow, thus a low-pressure drop. Bolted bonnet gate valve can be used in either a fully closed position or a fully open position.
The seat and gate of bolted bonnet gate valve carry out the task of shutting off the flow of fluid.
You can operate bolted bonnet gate valve using the following:
It operates the bolted bonnet gate valve manually when opening and closing it with the means to override the control system.
It is essential to indicate the neutral position on the gate valve to ensure that it works properly.
Handwheels can be mounted either on a separate screwed stem, on a spindle, or a screwed stem.
It is responsible for controlling and moving the bolted bonnet gate valve by opening and closing it.
It needs a control signal and a source of energy for it to be operating effectively.
The control signal’s source of energy can be either pneumatic, electric or hydraulic, or even human power.
It responds by converting the energy into mechanical motion in the bolted bonnet gate valve.
Some of the applications of bolted bonnet gate valve:
- Transmission pipelines
- Measuring stations
- Onshore terminals
- Steam piping system
- Compression, pumping, and reinjection units.
- Surge-relief skids
- Natural gas processing
- Offshore and subsea areas
- Petroleum refining plants
- Petrochemical plants
- Power plants
- Mining plants
- Chemical plants
Some of the essential accessories for bolted bonnet gate valve include:
- Grease fitting: it ensures that the stem is easily lubricated.
- Backseat bushing: it enables the stuffing box to have a perfect shutoff and separate the packing from flow exposure.
- Gland flange: it applies pressure onto the gland to ensure accuracy in packing adjustments.
- Gland bolts and nuts: they allow for easy adjustment of the packing compression.
- Packing: it forms a seal above the backseat between the stem and bonnet.
- Stuffing box: it is used to hold the packing.
- Stem nut: it ensures proper alignment of the stem by giving precision.
- Yoke bushing: it ensures the stem nut is secured to the bonnet assembly.
- Handwheel Nut: it ensures that the hand when is well secured to the bonnet assembly.
- Set screw: it ensures that the handwheel does not get loose.
- Bonnet gasket: it forms a seal that is free from leaks between the body and the bonnet.
- Bonnet studs and nuts: they ensure that the bonnet is secured to the body.
- Seat rings: they are aligned to the seal and welded into the valve to make sure a shutoff is stable.
- Spacer ring: they help the packing rings in forming a seal above the backseat and between the stem and bonnet.
Essential Accessories(Source: HardHat)
Yes, you require a gasket for sealing the connection between the bonnet and the body of bolted bonnet gate valve.
Sheet gasket materials are used to seal the connection of the bolted bonnet gate valve at low pressure while metallic gaskets are used at high pressure.
The cryogenic gate valves are mainly used for special service conditions, adapted to operate efficiently at temperatures below -40ºC, such as the gas liquefaction systems.
You can distinguish them from the general-used gate valve by their extended stem. They are supplied to ensure that the stem packing is at a sufficient interval from the cold fluid to remain operational.
Cryogenic Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve
You will tell that bolted bonnet gate valve is open when the stem is protruding beyond the handle.
You will tell that it is closed if the stem is not protruding from the handle as the clockwise rotation of the valve moves the stem back to the valve.
Bolted bonnet gate valve is opened by turning the handle in an anticlockwise direction and closed when rotated in the clockwise direction.
Sometimes, there is a position indicator to show the status of the gate valve, there are types of indicators optional, manual and sensor.
Manual Position Indicator
Based on the different manufacturing materials and design structures of the valve body and trims, the bonded bond gate valves can operate reliably in extremely low (-196 °C) and extremely high temperature (600 °C) ranges.
Bolted bonnet gate valve compares to pressure seal gate valve in the following ways:
Bolted bonnet gate valve is joined using nuts and studs with a gasket of suitable material or design inserted in between flanges for sealing.
The nuts, studs, or bolts are tightened to meet the pattern which was stated by the manufacturer to ensure optimal sealing of the bolted bonnet gate valve.
However, in bolted bonnet gate valve, an increase in pressure also raises the chances of potentially leaking into the system.
The pressure seal gate valve is made to include bonnet take-up bolts that raise the bonnet and seal against the pressure seal gasket.
In this way, a seal is formed between the inner I.D of the valve body and the gasket.
A load of the pressure-resistant gate valve is maintained by a ring.
When pressure builds in the system, the same will apply to the load that is on the bonnet and the pressure seal gasket.
In pressure seal gate valves, as pressure on creases in the system, there will be a reduction of potential leaks through the body or bonnet.
Pressure seal gate valve has benefits over bolted bonnet gate valve in applications like main steam, turbine bypass.
It is also suited for turbine bypass and other plant systems which need valves that can tackle challenges of temperature and high pressure.
However, because pressure seal gate valve relies so much on system pressure in sealing, they have limitations.
They can only be used well where the minimum operating pressure consistency is more than 500psi.
The recommended bolting torque for bolted bonnet gate valve is as illustrated in the table below:
|B8 CL.2/ B8M CL.2
The disassembling bolted bonnet gate valve entails the following steps:
- First, the handwheel nut should be unscrewed.
- Raise the handwheel upwards out of the yoke sleeve.
- Remove screws from the retainer nut and the yoke sleeve.
- Raise the yoke sleeve upwards out of the bonnet.
- Unthread the gland fasteners.
- Eliminate screws from the fasteners of the body bonnet.
- Lift the bonnet above the stem together with the gland flange and the gland.
- After this, remove the gland flange, the gland, and packings.
- Unscrew the bonnet bush and take it in a downward direction from the bonnet.
- Finally, lift the stem the disk, and the body of the bolted bonnet gate valve.
Reassembling of a bolted bonnet gate valve is a vice versa of the above series of steps whereby you will begin with the latter to the former.
The ideal pressure rating of bolted bonnet gate vale is from Class 150 to 1500.
The low-pressure range of bolted bonnet gate valve is designed according to standards by API 600 and ASME B16.34.
The testing and inspection standards for bolted bonnet gate valve include:
- API 598
- API 6D
- MESC SPE 77/101
- MESC SPE 77/102
- ISO 5208
- ISO 10497
- ISO 15848-1 &2
The size range of bolted bonnet gate valve design is between 1/2 inch and 96 inches. However, it is important to note that manufacturers can custom make for you larger sizes of bolted bonnet gate valves meeting your specifications.
You should ensure that bolted bonnet gate valve is used within the specified pressure conditions as per ASME B16.34 Section 2.
It is also essential to make sure that you operate the bolted bonnet gate valve within the specified pressure limit.
In case you require additional support always consult with the manufacture.
You should also always operate the bolted bonnet gate valve up to a fully open position to eliminate any pressure that may be trapped within the cavity.
The price of bolted bonnet gate valve tends to vary depending on factors such as:
- Materials used in its construction.
- Types of end connections
- Operation features
- Pressure and temperature rating
The material that you can use to construct the body for a bolted bonnet gate valve include the following:
- Various grades of carbon
- Low alloy steel
- Stainless steel
- Cast steel
- Nickel alloy
- Forged steel
- Cast iron
- Ductile iron
The different connection types include:
This connection will link the pipe and the bonnet gate valve using threads.
Also, it is a common type of connection and is suitable for small bonnet gate valves in low-pressure systems.
Besides, it requires no extra components such as nuts and bolts hence, is affordable and easy to install.
Two types of threading exist:
- Internal and external threads
- Parallel and tapered threads
Many bonnet gate valves apply tapered thread connection types.
Besides, these threads are hard to repair when there are leakages and may need a full replacement.
This connection involves welding the bonnet gate valve directly to the piping system.
By welding, you create a tight and leak-proof joint.
Besides, they are costlier than flanged connections but will guarantee you proper linkage between the valve, pipe, and fittings.
Welded connections are suitable in areas that need complete leak-proof systems such as:
- High-pressure pipeline systems
- High-temperature pipeline systems
There are two types of welded connections:
The end of the welded bonnet gate valve has the shape of a socket where you insert the pipe for welding.
This connection applies fillet welds to join two parts and they are suitable for valves of 2 inches or less.
The ends of these valves and piping systems are butted to one another.
Thereafter, you will weld these parts to create a joint.
Butt welds are suitable on steel valves, however, you can use them on any valve irrespective of their size.
This type of connection is suitable for connecting bonnet gate valves to pipelines.
Also, you can use it in any pressure level or valve size situation.
Flanged connections contain two flanges that you will attach using nuts and stud bolts.
Besides, they are easy to install and uninstall when you need to repair or replace them.
Here is how these two compare:
Bolted Bonnet Gate Valve
These valves are suitable for large applications in the chemical, petrochemical, gas, and oil industries.
This valve is good for applications that need tight shutoffs.
Also, it needs gaskets to seal the joint between the bonnet and the body.
When using low-pressure valves, you will use sheet gaskets and at high pressure, metallic gaskets are suitable.
This valve has a rotating stem that does not rise and the threads are within the chamber.
OS & Y Gate Valve [Outside Screw And Yoke]
This type of gate valve is common in controlling the flow of water to fire sprinkler units.
When you turn the handle, the gate will rise or lower since it interacts directly with the stem.
Also, you will see the stem rise outside the gate valve as the handle remains in a fixed position.
Besides, it is easy to see if the valve is closed or opened as it is vital for maintaining fire protection.
This is a valve that is held by a union nut that sits on the bottom part of the bonnet and will screw to the threads of the valve.
The design of a union bonnet valve ensures a leak-proof seal and the nut will not deteriorate when you frequently remove the bonnet.
Union bonnet valves are suitable for applications that need frequent maintenance and inspection.
These valves contain similar external housing but will operate differently.
Bonnet globe valves offer good throttling capabilities while bolted bonnet gate valves are suitable for isolation.
Also, bolted bonnet gate valves offer a tight seal hence you can use it upstream of a bonnet globe valve.
Bonnet globe valves need more torque to operate than bolted bonnet gate valves.
Besides, bonnet gate valves will produce noise, vibrations, and disk damage when you try to regulate flow with it.
Bonnet gate valves can conduct flows in both directions while bolted bonnet gate valves have flow directions on them.
Here is how these two compare:
- Bolted bonnet valvesHere, you will use studs and nuts to join the body and the bonnet of the valve.Besides, depending on the application, you will use a gasket between the body and the bonnet.To provide a seal, you will tighten the nuts and bolts per the manufacturer’s description.However, when the pressure increases, there is a risk of potential leakage between the body and the bonnet joint.
- Welded bonnet valvesThis is a type of valve where you weld the body and the bonnet together.The weld in this valve makes it leak-proof and is suitable for high pressure and temperature applications.
Bolted bonnet check valves operate by preventing the backflow of fluid in the piping unit.
The flow of materials in the pipeline will activate check valves since the pressure will open the valve.
Also, any reversal flow in the fluid will close the check valve.
A bolted bonnet gate valve allows fluid to flow or not when you open or close the gate and fluid can flow in all directions.
A bolted bonnet gate valve operates by raising or lowering the gate to begin or stop fluid flow.
Bolted bonnet ball valve operates by rotating a ball-shaped disk to start or stop the flow of fluid.
At Kinvalve, we will help you find a suitable bolted bonnet gate valve for your unique applications – contact us now.